*Unforgettable, unforgivable, Stefan...*

(Si veda anche la foto con cui si apre il Reprint di Omero Speri e
Piero Zorzi nella I Parte di questo stesso numero/

See also the photograph which appears in the Reprint by Omero Speri
and Piero Zorzi in the first Part of this same number)

**Marinov: Annus Horribilis**
**(The Story of) A Payed Advertisement Published by
Nature**

**(Stefan Marinov)**

**The year l996 will be an earthquake year for conventional physics:
many formulas in the textbooks will be changed, many century-old dogmas
will be renounced and many saints will be de-sainted. This radical change
had to begin tens of years ago but the lack of glasnost in physics all
over the world has delayed it and instead to have evolutional step-by-step
reformations and several lighter earthquakes, now there will be a tremendous
one. Vous l'avez voulu, Georges Dandins!**

**By my half-a-century experimental and theoretical work I showed the
following (see references in my 16 books, 60 refereed papers, 8 paid advertisements
and numerous papers and editor's comments in the journal DEUTSCHE PHYSIK
edited by me):**

**1. The principle of relativity is wrong. Indeed, I rneasured
three times optico-mechanically and once electromagnetically the Earth's
absolute velocity. Its magnitude is 350 km sec^{-1} wlth equatorial
coordinates of its apex d = -20° , a
= 12^{h} (approx.).**

**2. The principle of equivalence is wrong. Indeed, my interferometric
"coupled mirrors" experiment which was carried out during a year showed
that when the laboratory's acceleration was kinematic (acceleration with
respect to distant stars), the laboratory's velocity changed, while when
it was dynamic (gravitational attraction by the Earth) there was no change.**

**3. The energy conservation law is wrong. My machines
MAMIN COLIU and VENETIN COLIU which work with zero, or near to zero, Lenz
effect, and SIBERIAN COLIU which works with anti-Lenz effect violated this
law. Only because of lack of money I could not close the energetic cycle
in the first two, but the third one was not expensive and I could run it
as a perpetuum mobile. The day when I shall present this machine
at a press-conference will be the start-day for the earthquake.**

**4. The Lorentz equation is wrong. If there are two electric
charges q , q' moving with velocities v , v' and the vector-distance from
q' to q is r , according to the Lorentz equation the force with which q'v'
acts on qv is given by the following Grassmann formula**

**f _{G} = (m
_{0}qq'/4p
r^{3}){(v.r)v' - (v.v')r}. (1)**

**Numerous experiments done by other authors (Hering's experiments
are from the beginning of the century!) and by me showed that the force
acting on qv can be not only transverse to its velocity, as required by
(1), but also longitudinal. Any rational man when seeing at least
one falsifying experiment rejects the respective formula (Popper), however
for thousands and thousands of Betonköpfe [heads made with
ferro-concrete!] even hundred experiments were not enough. In the photograph
[not included in the original] there is one such falsifying experiment
which (as well as the other) can be carried out by children: A cylindrical
magnet is cut along one of its axial planes and the one half is turned
up-down (the magnetic forces themselves do the rotation). Around this magnet,
there is à trough filled with mercury in which the copper ring which
can be seen at right swims (the children take salt solution and
suspend the ring on threads). After sending current of some tens of amperes
from the battery at left, which is regulated by the rheostat, the ring
begins to rotate. That's all!**

**5. The Lorentz-Marinov equation is the right one. As according
to (1) f'_{G} is not equal and oppositely directed to f_{G}
, I obtained Marinov formula by the most simple and natural symmetrization
of (1) (take into account that r = -r')**

**f _{M} = (f_{G} - f'_{G})/2 = (m
_{0}qq'/8p
r^{3}){(v'.r)v + (v.r)v' - 2(v.v')r} . (2)**

**Proceeding from (2), and assuming F
¹ 0 , ¶
A/¶ t ¹
0 , I obtained by the most simple calculations that the force with
which an electric system acts on a test charge q moving with velocity v
is**

**f/q = -gradF - ¶
A/¶ t + v´
B + vS = E _{lor} + v´ B + vS ,
(3)**

**where F , A are the electric and magnetic
potentials generated by the system at the point of the charges location,
B _{lor} = rotA is the Lorentz magnetic intensity, S_{whit}
= -divA/2 is the Whittaker magnetic intensity and**

**B _{mar} = -(m
_{0}/8p
)q'(v´
v')(r.v)/v^{2}r^{3} ,**

**S _{mar} = -(m
_{0}/8p
)q'(v.v')(r.v)/v^{2}r^{3}
, (4)**

**are the Marinov vector and scalar magnetic intensities.
B = B_{lor} + B_{mar} is called vector magnetic intensity
and S = S_{whitt} + S_{mar} is called scalar magnetic
intensity. (3) is called the Lorentz-Marinov equation. If neglecting
the last term and under B we understand B_{lor} we obtain the Lorentz
equation which I call the Lorentz-Grassmann equation. That's the
whole
theory!**

**6. The angular momentum conservation law is wrong. My Bul-Cub
machine with interrupted current and rotating Ampere bridge with interrupted
current rotated under the action of internal forces only. Marinov's formula
allows violation of the angular momentum conservation law as the magnetic
forces with which two charges interact are equal and oppositely directed
but may not lie on the line connecting them.**

**7. It is impossible to violate the momentum conservation law in
electromagnetism. Obvious conclusion from Marinov's formula.**

**8. Displacement current does not exist. For closed circuits
both Grassmann and Marinov formulas do not allow violation of the momentum
and angular momentum conservation laws as the first terms in (1) and (2)
contain total differentials. As conventional physics believes in
the displacement current of Maxwell, it accepts that all currents always
are closed. I showed by numerous experiments that there is no
displacement current (neither in vacuum nor in dielectrics) and one can
interrupt the circuits by the help of condensers. At the age of 15 I understood
that displacement current is a phantasmagoria and presented to my teacher
in Sofia the following objection: "If the displacement current between
the plates of a condenser acts with magnetic forces on other currents,
then according to Newton's third law the other currents must act with magnetic
forces on the displacement current and set it in motion. But how, comrade
teacher, can vacuum be set in motion?" Teacher's answer was: "Shut up,
child!"**

**9. The gauge transformations are illegitimate. According to
conventional physics not the potentials but the intensities determine the
motion of the test charge (exactly the opposite is true), and thus any
change of the potentials which leaves the intensities the same is allowable,
i.e. one can calibrate the potentials. It is easy to see that the calibration
divA = 0 is allowable. Thus conventional physics believes that a really
existing force, the Whittaker force f_{w} = -qvdivA/2 = qvS_{whitt}
can be put equal to zero. Monstrosity! To see the action of f_{w}
take two metal spheres the one charged positively and the other negatively.
Put around one of the spheres a circular wire along which current flows,
so that it is perpendicular to the line connecting the spheres. When connecting
the spheres by a wire and current begins to flow, the circular wire begins
to rotate. The only force which acts on the circular wire is f_{w}
.**

**10. There is no propagation of interaction. As only mass
can move from one point to another, "interaction" can be only a ghost.
But a rational man does not believe in ghosts. on the other hand, the mathematical
expressions of B_{mar} and S_{mar} show that the "fields"
cannot propagate in space with a certain velocity, as B_{mar} and
S_{mar} depend on the direction of motion of the test charge.
To these people who may object that one is not sure whether the Lorentz-Marinov
equation is the right one, my answer is: Until the day when some falsifying
experiment should be presented (ths day will never come!) the world
is impelled to accept it as true.**

**11. Potential, radiation and radiation reaction electric intensities.
These three kinds of intensities can be obtained if putting in the expression
for the Lorentz electric intensity E_{lor} (see (3)) the
observation
electric
and magnetic potentials**

**F = q/4p
e
_{0}r
, A = m
_{0}qv/4p
r**

**with r = r' - v'.r'/c , v = v' + u'r'/c, (5)**

**where r , v , u are distance, velocity and acceleration at the observation
moment t and r' , v' , u' at the advanced mornent t' = t - r/c (conventional
physics wrongly calls t' "retarded moment"). Conventional physics, following
Lienard and Wiechert, wrongly writes A with v' . For this reason
conventional physics obtains only the potential and radiation intensities,
E_{pot} , E_{rad} , and artificially introduces
the radiation reaction intensity E_{rea} coming to phantasmagoric
"self-accelerations". Proceeding from (5) I (and any child who can differentiate!)
obtained also the radiation reaction intensity E_{rea} = -m
_{0}qw/6p
c , where w = w' is the charge's super-acceleration. E_{rad} =
m
_{0}qr'´
{(r' - v'r'/c)´ u'}/4p
(r' - v'.r'/c) is due to moving mass (radiated energy), as charges
moving with acceleration lose energy, while E_{rea} acts
on the radiating charge itself. To obtain all radiation effects one has
simply to integrate the obtained formulas for a single charge. That's nearly
all about radiation of electromagnetic waves!**

**12. There are no "fields". According to the "field-marshals"
the "fields" exist physically. One can move them and a moving magnetic
field produces electric field, etc. When I hear all these stupidities,
I get diarrhea. After repeating the Rowland experiment (a magnetic needle
near a charged disk deviates when the disk is set in rotation), I carried
out the inverse one (the disk at rest, the needle rotates) and the co-moving
one (disk and needle rotate), taking instead of a needle a Hall detector.
According te the "field-marshals" the inverse experiment must give the
same effect as the direct one (I observed no effect), while the
co-moving experiment must give null result (I observed the same effect
as the direct experiment). The inertial experiments can be done charging
a conveyer belt.**

**13. Current conducting wires become charged positively. Conventional
physics asserts that they remain neutral (Clausius postulate). Meanwhile
always after measurements, the rheostat in the photograph [included in
the original but not here, due to its poor quality] remained charged and
touching it by hand there was a spark. The positive sign was established
by the method known to ancient Greeks. Every child explains the effect
taking into account that the positive electrode of the battery "sucks"
electrons from the wire while the negative electrode "spits" electrons
and the former effect is primary.**

**14. B-machines and S-machines. The electromagnetic machines
working on B are called B-machines and these ones working on S are
called S-machines. By the help of the first three fingers of his
right hand any child older than 15 can show when looking at the third term
in (3) that the B-generators brake. Meanwhile by the help of only
one finger any child younger than 15 can show when looking at the fourth
term in (3) that the S-generators accelerate.**

**15. The perpetuum mobile SIBERIAN COLIU. S_{whitt}
produced by the first term in (2) and for a complete circuit is null. For
this reason can be observed only at interrupted circuits (see item 9).
However S_{mar} can be different from zero also for a complete
circuit. Why then has nobody observed it? - Because all people have worked
with cylindrical or quasi-cylindrical magnets for which S_{mar}
= 0 . Who has cut a cylindrical rnagnet in two pieces rotating the one
half up-down? - NOBODY!!! The first man who has done this is called
Gennadi Nicolaev and lives in Tomsk [... - Russian words follow]. For this
reason I called this magnet the SIBERIAN COLIU magnet and the perpetuum
mobile which I constructed with it is the SIBERIAN COLIU machine. The machine
shown in the photograph [once again not included in the original] is a
SIBERIAN COLIU machine. It will work as a perpetuum mobile if the driving
torque produced by the current induced in the ring when it will be set
in rotation with a certain velocity will be larger than the friction torque.
I constructed this machine in the photograph in 1993 and the last three
years I did nothing else than to try to increase its driving torque
and decrease its friction torque. The driving torque was produced only
by the S (i.e., S_{mar} ) currents. S_{mar} is very strong
near the cutting plane, from the one side positive, from the other negative.
The dozens of my SIBERIAN COLIU machines are presented with photographs
in DEUTSCHE PHYSIK.**

**16. All conventional theories for the origin of Earth's magnetization
are wrong. If rotating a cylindrical piece of any metal by a
boring machine, one sees that it becomes magnetized. Conventional physics
believes first that only ferromagnetics become magnetized and second that
the magnetization is proportional to the angular rotational velocity,
as this was promulgated by Barnett. My friend C. Monstein demonstrated
that the magnetization is proportional to the linear rotational
velocity and I called this the Monstein-Barnett effect. Proceeding
from the Monstein-Barnett effect I calculated the magnetization of the
Earth, the Sun and the planets, obtaining excellent coincidences
with the measured values. As Venus is the only planet whose nucleus is
liquid, it is not magnetized. The most cherished conventional theory for
Earth's magnetization is the "unipolar dynamo theory" of Elsasser. It is
ridiculous,
as a unipolar machine can work only at the existence of sliding contacts
and moving with respect to each other parts.**

**17. Magretic energy does exist. By the most elementary speculations
and calculations I showed that: a) the gravitational energy of two masses
is not a negative quantitiy, as accepted by conventional physics, but a
positive quantity, b) the gravitational potential generated by all masses
of the universe is equal to c^{2} , c) electricity and gravity
are two completely analogical sciences from a mathematical point of view.
The only difference is that the gravitational "charges" are the
proper masses m_{0} = m/(1 - v^{2}/c^{2})^{1/2}
and that negative masses do not exist. There are no other differences.
Thus a magretic energy, i.e., a "magnetic kind" of energy in gravity
must exist and gravity is to be called gravimagretism (this is the
title of part IV of my encyclopaedic work CLASSICAL PHYSICS). I proposed
a very simple experiment which can reveal the existence of magretic
energy. This experiment, moreover, can serve for measurement of the Earth's
absolute velocity.**

**18. The recession hypothesis for the galaxies is wrong. I
call stellar "red shift" this one which is caused by the gravitational
action of the star on the emitted by it light, galactic "red shift"
this one which is caused by the gravitational action of the respective
gaIaxy and cosmic - by all cosmic matter. Conventional physic believes
that the big "red shifts" of Iight coming from remote galaxies are due
to their recession velocities. This is a phantasmagoria. The most simple
calculation, which can be carried out by any child, shows that they are
due to the gravitational action of all cosmic matter and that they are
proportional not to the distance of the emitting galaxy (or quasar)
but to the square of this distance. I showed that the experimental
data fit much better to a square plot. Respectively, instead of
a Hubble constant, a Hubble-Marinov constant is te be introduced, for which
the children obtain the strictly defined value H_{M}^{2}
= 2p
g
m
/3c^{2} , where g is the gravitationa
constant and m is the average mass density in
the Universe.**

*NOTE. On the 5 March 1996 I submitted to NATURE my paper AFTER
500 YEARS COLUMBUS-EGG-PROBLEM HAS FINALLY BEEN SOLVED, in which I show
how a body can be maintained in a state of UNSTABLE equilibrium (problem
which, contrary to the general opinion, Columbus has NOT solved). My "Marinov
egg" is supported by magnetic forces. If it has SPHERICAL form, it has
three degrees of freedom (the Euler angles) free and represents moreover
a PERPETUUM MOBILE. If before the 1 May the paper will not appear in the
scientific columns of NATURE, I shall publish it as a paid advertisement.
In the first (or second) case 15 days after the publication I shall present
my SIBERIAN COLIU perpetuun mobile at a press conference.*

**Stefan Marinov**

**Morellenfeldgasse 16, A-8010 Graz**

**- - - - -**

**[The previous pages are reproduced from pp. 34-35 of Marinov's Deutsche
Physik (International Glasnost Journal on Fundamental Physics), Vol.
5, N. 19, July-September 1996, and appeared in Nature, Vol. 380,
N. 6572, 28 March 1996, p. xiv, as a payed Advertisement, with the attached
NOTE as reported. Marinov extensively explains later on in his journal
(pp. 40-45) how he tried to publish instead the following text, but that
he was told that: "we are enable to publish the advertisement unless [this
note] is deleted [...] we would naturally refund your money" (letter from
Nature,
15th March 1996), so that he had to accept at last the publication of an
"amended" version.]**

**> In my advertisement (whose text is published on p. 34 of this issue)
the following NOTE was attached:**

**NOTE. In 1986 Dr. Maddox, the then-editor of NATURE, accepted for
publication my big paper "Experimental violations of the principles of
relativity, equivalence, and conservation of energy and angular momentum".
During my visit in March 1987 he personaily began to compose this paper
on his computer and I stayed in his office and corrected any sheet which
he gave me. He could not compose the whole paper and I left London. However
during a year the composition of the paper remained, as Schubert's symphony,
unvollendet.
Thus in June 1988 I flew to London and composed the paper myself in NATURE's
composition office. The paper had to appear on the 18 August 1988 but because
of the Benveniste's case ìts publìcatiori was postponed for
the 13 October. "I do not have the stomach for a second battle in such
a short tirme" wrote to me Dr. Maddox on the 29 July. This paper is still
not published. If the paper will not appear in the scientifìc columns
of NATURE until the 1 May 1996, I shall publish it as a paid advertisement.
In the first (or second) case 15 days after the publicatìon of the
paper I shall present my perpetuum mobile SIBERIAN COLIU at a press conference.**

**As in a week or so after my 13-February-letter no answer came from
Mrs. Smith, I asked her on the phone which is the matter. She told me that
there are problems with the NOTE and that she has to consult Dr. Campbell
and Dr. Maddox. Until the 26 February no answer came and I phoned again.
[...] [The conclusion of this story has already been mentioned: after Nature's
refusal of 15th March, Marinov proposed a different shortened version,
which was found acceptable: "I can confirm that your amended paragraph
of today is acceptable for publication" [loc. cit., p. 45].**

**- - - - -**

**[The following one is Nature's letter of 26th January 1996
(see the quoted issue of Deutsche Physik, p. 38) which refused a
paper proposed by Marinov only a few days before, namely on 22nd
January 1996. It was this circumstance which forced him to ask for the
publication of the payed advertisement above.]**

**MARINOV'S NOTE.**

**First I would like to note that if an editor has pricks of conscience
when rejecting a paper, he never mentions in bis rejecting letter (if he
decides such a letter to write!) the title of the paper and the date of
submission. The same does Dr. Campbell in his above letter. Thus the title
of my rejected article was**

**EXPERIMENTAL VIOLATIONS OF THE PRINCIPLES OF RELATIVITY, EQUIVALENCE,
AND CONSERVATION OF ENERGY AND ANGULAR MOMENTUM,**

**and it was submitted on the 22 January 1996 by post.**

**This paper, as a matter of fact, was accepted for publication by
Dr. Maddox in April 1986 and in final form in June 1988 but
it never appeared in NATURE (see the story in detail in the following pages).
The paper, as composed by me in June in London was published in THE THORNY
WAY OF TRUTH, Part III (1988), p. 146.**

**But Dr. Campbell allowed to me to publish an advertisenìent
in NATURE and in her fax of the 9 February Mrs. Smith wrote me that the
price for two pages will be 5290 £.**

**- - - - -**

**[Furthermore, on April 1996, after a new correspondence's exchange,
Dr. Campbell wrote to Marinov the following final letter, which
is published at p. 50 of the quoted issue of Deutsche Physik, together
with a comment of our poor friend Stefan*.]**

**> Only in religion and similar AUTHORITATIVE spiritual and ideological
domains are there "orthodox" and "unorthodox" views. In physics there are
views confirmed or rejected by experiments. Of course, there are views
for whose verification there are no experiments, or contradictory
views which predict the same experiments. However a FORMULA can
be either right or wrong, a formula cannot be "orthodox"
or "unorthodox". In my writings I present FORMULAS. And I present EXPERIMENTS
which can be calculated by these formulas and which cannot be
calculated by the formulas of "orthodox" physics.**

**- - - - -**

**[* On the morning of July 15th 1997, Stefan Marinov committed suicide
in Graz, the Austrian town where he lived very poorly since many years
as an exile. As far as his scientific activity is concerned, since the
times of the previous Advertisement, he had the resources to edit three
more numbers of Deutsche Physik, namely NN. 20, 21 and 22: the very
last one is dated April-June 1997...**

**More information about this singular figure of dissident XXth Century
physicist can be found in the article N. 13 ("In Stefan Marinov memoriam")
published at the web page:**

**http://www.dipmat.unipg.it/~bartocci/listast.htm .]**